Breast Augmentation

 

Breast augmentation denotes the breast implant and fat-graft mammoplasty procedures for increasing the size or changing the shape or feel of the breasts of a woman. The surgical implantation approach effects global breast augmentation using either a saline-filled or a silicone-filled prosthetic breast; and it might also consist of corrections effected with transplanted skin flaps. The fat-transfer approach effects the augmentation, and corrects the contour defects of the breast hemisphere with grafts of autologous adipocyte fat tissue. Each breast-augmentation approach is a type of cosmetic surgery and can be used in post–mastectomy breast reconstruction, to address congenital defects of the breast or chest wall, or to change the size or shape of healthy breasts at for aesthetic or other reasons.

In breast reconstruction practice, the tissue expander is a temporary breast-implant device used to prepare the implant-pocket (recipient site), as part of a staged reconstruction mammoplasty procedure. In non-implant breast augmentation practice, some fat-graft injection approaches feature tissue engineering, which is the pre-operative external tissue expansion of the recipient site. In non-surgical practice, the corrective approaches might consist either of an externally applied vacuum device, which will expand the tissues of the recipient site, or of oral medications; yet, in most instances, the medium-volume, fat-graft augmentation of the breast is limited to one brassière cup-size, or less.

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